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Table of substances solubility by temperature
Table shows solubility of various substances under different temperature given in grams of dissoluted substance per 100g of water.

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other inorganic

SubstanceMolecular formula0 °C20 °C40 °C60 °C80 °C100 °C
ammoniaNH3905331---

gases

SubstanceMolecular formula0 °C20 °C40 °C60 °C80 °C100 °C
ammoniaNH3905331---
nitrogenN20.29140.19220.14630.12650.1190.1178
carbon dioxideCO20.33460.16880.09730.0576--
hydrogen chlorideHCl82.37263.356.1--
hydrogen sulfurideH2S-0.385----
ethyneC2H2-0.117----
nitrogen (II) oxideNO-0.0056----
nitrogen (I) oxideN2O-0.112----
chlorineCl24.612.231.441.020.68-
hydrogenH20.01920.01620.01460.01430.01430.0143
oxygenO20.69930.44330.33030.27890.25170.246

oxides

SubstanceMolecular formula0 °C20 °C40 °C60 °C80 °C100 °C
carbon dioxideCO20.33460.16880.09730.0576--
carbon monoxideCO0.0350.0230.0180.0150.0140.014
nitrogen (II) oxideNO-0.0056----
nitrogen (I) oxideN2O-0.112----

salts

SubstanceMolecular formula0 °C20 °C40 °C60 °C80 °C100 °C
potassium bromideKBr53.565.275.585.595104
potassium chlorideKCl27.6344045.551.156.7
potassium jodideKI127.5144160176192208
silver chlorideAgCl-0.00015----
potassium chromateK2CrO458.261.765.268.672.175.6
silver iodideAgI---0.000003--
silver (I) sulfate (VI)Ag2SO40.570.790.971.141.281.39
barium chromate (VI)BaCrO40.00020.00037----
barium sulfate (VI)BaSO40.0001150.00024---0.000413
mercury (I) chlorideHg2Cl20.000140.0002----
mercury (II) chlorideHgCl23.56.19.31423.138
silver nitrate (V)AgNO3122222376525669952
aluminium sulfate (VI)Al2(SO4)323.826.731.437.242.247.1
barium chlorideBaCl231.635.740.746.452.458.8
barium nitrate (III)Ba(NO3)259.214.220.32734.2
potassium thiocyanateKSCN63.968.5----
potassium nitrate (III)KNO273.674.977--80.5
potassium nitrate (V)KNO313.331.663.9110169246
sodium nitrate (V)NaNO37388104124148180
potassium sulfate (VI)K2SO47.3511.1114.7618.1721.7524.1
ammonium thiocyanateNH4SCN54.563----
ammonium oxalate(NH4)2C2O42.14.29.3---
ammonium chlorideNH4Cl29.437.245.855.265.677.3
ammonium magnesium phosphateNH4MgPO40.0230.0520.0360.040.019-
ammonium nitrate (V)NH4NO3118.3192297421580871
lead (II) nitrate (V)Pb(NO3)238.856.37596115138.8
ammonium sulfate (VI)(NH4)2SO470.675.4818895.3103.3
sodium chlorideNaCl35.73636.637.338.439.8

inorganic acids

SubstanceMolecular formula0 °C20 °C40 °C60 °C80 °C100 °C
hydrogen chlorideHCl82.37263.356.1--
hydrogen sulfurideH2S-0.385----

hydrocarbons

SubstanceMolecular formula0 °C20 °C40 °C60 °C80 °C100 °C
ethyneC2H2-0.117----

hydroxides

SubstanceMolecular formula0 °C20 °C40 °C60 °C80 °C100 °C
calcium hydroxideCa(OH)20.1850.1650.1410.1160.0940.077
barium hydroxideBa(OH)21.673.898.2220.94101.4-

halogens

SubstanceMolecular formula0 °C20 °C40 °C60 °C80 °C100 °C
chlorineCl24.612.231.441.020.68-
bromineBr24.223.2----
jodineI2-0.0290.056---

liquids

SubstanceMolecular formula0 °C20 °C40 °C60 °C80 °C100 °C
bromineBr24.223.2----

Some facts

  • Solubility is the ability of one chemical substance to dissolve in another one called solvent.
  • As a result of dissolution, a homogeneous solution is formed.
  • Depending on the needs, many different units of solubility are used, e.g.:
    • grams per 100 grams of solvent (g / 100 g),
    • grams per 1 kilogram of solvent (g / 1 kg),
    • grams per 100 cm3 of solvent (g / 100 cm3),
    • grams per litre of solvent, (g/l),
    • moles per litre of solvent (n/l),
    • etc.
  • The solubility for a specific substances pair (solvent and dissoluted substance) depends on many factors. Among others, these are:
    • kind of dissolved substance,
    • kind of solvent,
    • temperature,
    • pressure,
    • concentration of common ions in solution,
    • complexation,
    • the ion strength of the solution,
    • crystal size,
    • etc.
  • The solubility of gases is inversely proportional to temperature, i.e. it decreases with temperature.
  • At a constant temperature, the solubility of gases is met by Henry's law:
    c=k×pc = k \times p
    where:
    • c - gas concentration in the liquid,
    • k - proportionality coefficient specific for selected gas, solubility and temperature,
    • p - partial pressure of gas.

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